Saanich LGBTQ+ Community Survey Summer 2016

23 October 2016 Final Report

The Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer (LGBTQ) Sub-Committee of the Healthy Saanich Advisory Committee conducted a community needs survey in June and July 2016; the project was supported by an applied research grant from Royal Roads University and led by matthew heinz.

The purpose of the one-year pilot LGBTQ Sub-Committee was to advise the Healthy Saanich Advisory Committee on LGBTQ issues and suggest initiatives and encourage civic engagement to improve the quality of life for Saanich LGBTQ residents. Over the pilot term the LGBTQ Sub-Committee included the membership of Ryan Clayton, Lawrence Cooper, Marcy Cook, Aaron Devor, Sharon Doty, James Gardner, Joshua Goldberg, matthew heinz, Harvey House, Stacey Piercey, and Cynthia Reid.  The Sub-Committee was chaired by Saanich Councillor Colin Plant.  For a copy of the Sub-Committee’s final report, click here (PDF attachment).

Survey Results

A total of 52 individuals completed the online survey. All percentages are of total N of 52 unless otherwise stated. Numbers rounded up if the third digit after the decimal point is 5 or more.

Demographics

AGE
18 to 24 years 14 (26.92%)
25 to 34 years 12 (23.08%)
35 to 44 years 8 (15.39%)
45 to 54 years 4 (7.69%)
55 to 64 years 8 (15.39%)
65 to 74 years 6 (11.54%)
74+ years 0

Notable: Half of the respondents (26 = 50%) were between 18 and 34 years old.

 

GENDER
Girl/Woman 24 (46.15%)
Boy/Man 15 (28.85%)
Non-Binary 8 (15.39%)
Transguy/Transman/Female-to-Male/FTM 7 (13.46%)
Transmasculine 6 (11.54%)
Gender Non-Conforming 5 (9.62%)
Transgender 5 (9.62%)
Genderqueer 3 (5.77%)
Agender 2 (3.85%)
Gender Creative 2 (3.85%)
Gender Fluid 2 (3.85%)
Gender Diverse 1 (1.92%)
Transfeminine 1 (1.92%)
Transsexual 0
Transwoman/Male-to-Female/MTF 1 (1.92%)
Two-Spirit 0

Notable: Respondents were invited to designate all applicable gender identification. 18 respondents (34.62%) chose more than 1 gender identification.

 

SEXUAL ORIENTATION
Queer 16 (30.77%)
Lesbian 14 (26.92%)
Gay 12 (23.08%)
Bisexual 11 (21.15%)
Pansexual 10 (19.23%)
Straight/Heterosexual 6 (11.54%)
Asexual 4 (7.69%)
Not Sure/Questioning 3 (5.77%)
Other: Bear 1 (1.92%)
Prefer Not To Disclose 1 (1.92%)

Notable: Respondents were invited to designate all applicable gender identification. 15 (28.85%) respondents designated more than 1 sexual orientation.

 

EDUCATION
Did not graduate from high school 3 (5.77%)
High school graduate 5 (9.62%)
Some college, trade school, or university 15 (28.85%)
College or trade school graduate 8 (15.39%)
Bachelor’s degree 12 (23.08%)
Graduate or professional degree 9 (17.31%)

Notable: Most of the respondents (29 or 55.77%) reported holding a college, trade school, bachelor’s, graduate or professional degree.

 

LENGTH OF SAANICH RESIDENCY
10+ years 15 (28.85%)
5 to 10 years 5 (9.62%)
1 to 5 years 19 (36.54%)
Less than 1 year 4 (7.69%)
Not a Saanich resident 9 (17.31%)

Notable: Most of the respondents said they had lived in Saanich between 1 and 5 years (19 respondents or 36.54%), followed by 15 respondents (28.85%) who said they had lived in Saanich for more than 10 years.

POSTAL CODE
V8P 11 (21.15%)
V8Z 10 (19.23%)
V8N 10 (19.23%)
V8X 6 (11.54%)
V8T 3 (5.77%)
V9A 3 (5.77%)
V8M 2 (3.85%)
V8R 2 (3.85%)
V8V 2 (3.85%)
V1G 1 (1.92%)
V9B 1 (1.92%)
V9E 1 (1.92%)

Notable: Most of the respondents (31 or 59.61%) reported V8N, V8P or V8Z as the first three digits of their postal code.

ETHNICITY

Notable: None of the respondents identified as Aboriginal or Indigenous. Six respondents (11.54%) reported they are being perceived as a person of colour, racialized, or visible minority.

EMPLOYMENT
Work full-time for pay (incl. self-employed) 20 (38.46%)
Work part-time for pay (incl. self-employed) 15 (28.85%)
Student 14 (26.92%)
Looking for paid work 9 (17.31%)
Work in unwaged job (caregiver, homemaker) 6 (11.54%)
Unemployed and unable to work 4 (7.69%)
On leave from work 1 (1.92%)
Retired 1 (1.92%)
Other: co-op with university 1 (1.92%)
Other: on disability 1 (1.92%)
Other: self-employed 1 (1.92%)
Receiving social assistance or EI 0

Notable: Respondents were invited to designate all applicable work situations. The majority of respondents (35 or 67.31%) were employed full-time or part-time.

GROSS INCOME FROM ALL SOURCES IN THE LAST 12 MONTHS
Less than $5,000 5 (9.62%)
$5,000 to less than $10,000 9 (17.31%)
$10,000 to less than $15,000 4 (7.69)
$15,000 to less than $20,000 15 (28.85%)
$20,000 to less than $25,000 5 (9.62%)
$25,000 to less than $35,000 9 (17.31%)
$35,000 to less than $50,000 3 (5.77%)
$50,000 to less than $75,000 6 (11.54%)
$75,000 to less than $100,000 5 (9.62%)
$100,000 or more 2 (3.85%)
Prefer not to disclose 4 (7.69%)

Notable: Most of the respondents (32 or 61.54%) reported having a gross income of under $35,000 in the last 12 months.

LIVING WITH HEALTH CONDITIONS
Not living with any of these conditions 25 (48.08%)
Mental health disability 22 (42.31%)
Chronic illness or pain 10 (19.23%)
Addiction (e.g., alcohol, drugs, gambling) 6 (11.54%)
Learning disability 3 (5.77%)
Physical or mobility disability 3 (5.77%)
Autism, Aspbergers or neuro-diverse spectrum 1 (1.92%)
Sensory disability (e.g., blind or Deaf) 1 (1.92%)
Other: Type 1 diabetes 1 (1.92%)
Cognitive disability 0
Developmental disability 0

Notable: 22 respondents (42.31%) reported living with mental health disability (e.g., anxiety, depression, schizophrenia)

Community Needs

Question 1: How welcoming of LGBTQ+ diversity are HEALTH AND SOCIAL SERVICES in Saanich?

Completely Welcoming 2 (3.85%)
Mostly Welcoming 14 (26.92%)
Somewhat Welcoming 10 (19.23%)
Slightly Welcoming 5 (9.62%)
Not At All Welcoming 1 (1.92%)
Don’t Know 20 (38.46%)

 

Question 2: How welcoming of LGBTQ+ diversity are K-12 (elementary, middle, and high) PUBLIC SCHOOLS in Saanich?

Completely Welcoming 2 (3.85%)
Mostly Welcoming 6 (11.54%)
Somewhat Welcoming 6 (11.54%)
Slightly Welcoming 5 (9.62%)
Not At All Welcoming 2 (3.85%)
Don’t Know 31 (59.62%) 

Question 3: How welcoming of LGBTQ+ diversity are PUBLIC COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES in Saanich?

Completely Welcoming 9 (17.31%)
Mostly Welcoming 15 (28.85%)
Somewhat Welcoming 7 (13.46%)
Slightly Welcoming 5 (9.62%)
Not At All Welcoming 0
Don’t Know 16 (30.77%) 


Question 4: How welcoming of LGBTQ+ diversity are COMMUNITY CENTRES, RECREATION FACILITIES AND PARKS in Saanich?

Completely Welcoming 3 (5.77%)
Mostly Welcoming 10 (19.23%)
Somewhat Welcoming 15 (28.85%)
Slightly Welcoming 7 (13.46%)
Not At All Welcoming 5 (9.62%)
Don’t Know 12 (23.08%)

 Question 5: How welcoming of LGBTQ+ diversity are LIBRARIES in Saanich?

Completely Welcoming 9 (17.31%)
Mostly Welcoming 11 (21.15%)
Somewhat Welcoming 6 (11.54%)
Slightly Welcoming 4 (7.69%)
Not At All Welcoming 2 (3.85%)
Don’t Know 20 (38.46%) 


Question 6: How welcoming of LGBTQ+ diversity in the workplace are EMPLOYERS in Saanich?

Completely Welcoming 2 (3.85%)
Mostly Welcoming 11 (21.15%)
Somewhat Welcoming 10 (19.23%)
Slightly Welcoming 10 (19.23%)
Not At All Welcoming 2 (3.85%)
Don’t Know 17 (32.69%)

 

Question 7: How welcoming of LGBTQ+ diversity do you find BUSINESSES in Saanich?

Completely Welcoming 4 (7.69%)
Mostly Welcoming 18 (34.62%)
Somewhat Welcoming 16 (30.77%)
Slightly Welcoming 8 (15.39%)
Not At All Welcoming 3 (5.77%)
Don’t Know 3 (5.77%)

Question 8: Have you ever experienced the following in Saanich because you are or were perceived to be LGBTQ+ or the loved one of an LGBTQ+ person? Check all that apply.

silent harassment (e.g., being stared at)

 

30 (57.69%)
verbal harassment (e.g., being whispered about, being called derogatory names) 19 (36.54%)
sexual harassment (e.g., cat calling, being propositioned, sexual innuendo)

 

12 (23.08%)
physical intimidation or threats 8 (15.38%)
sexual violence (e.g., threats or actual unwanted sexual activity) 6 (11.54%)
physical violence (e.g., being hit, kicked, or punched)

 

2 (3.85%)
I have not experienced any of these. 18 (34.62%)

Most of the respondents (34 or 65.38%) reported having experienced some form of harassment

Question 9: How comfortable do you feel being out as * LGBTQ+ in Saanich?

LOCATION COMFORTABLE NOT COMFORTABLE No Answer/Not Apply
In my home 44 (91.67%) 2 (4.17%) 2 (4.17%)
The place where I work/volunteer 31 (64.58%) 9 (18.75%) 8 (16.67%)
In my faith community 8 (16.67%) 7 (14.58%) 33 (68.75%)
In my ethno-cultural community 12 (25%) 7 (14.58%) 29 (60.42%)
In businesses 28 (58.33%) 18 (37.5%) 2 (4.17%)
In health and social services 27 (56.25%) 15 (31.25%) 6 (12.5%)
In parks and other outside public spaces 24 (50%) 21 (43.75%) 3 (6.25%)
On public transportation 17 (35.42%) 22 (45.83%) 9 (18.75%)
In school (K-12) 7 (14.58%) 8 (16.67%) 33 (68.75%)
In college/university 23 (47.92%) 7 (14.58%) 18 (37.5%)9
At libraries 25 (52.08%) 9 (18.75%) 14 (29.17%)
At community recreation centres 11 (22.92%) 27 (56.25%) 10 (20.83%)
At public festivals and celebrations 27 (56.25%) 17 (35.42%) 4 (8.33%)
In facilities and events primarily aimed at seniors 5 (10.42%0 21 (43.75%) 22 (45.83)

Four respondents who identified as straight/heterosexual chose ‘does not apply’ and provided no answers. The percentage is therefore based on a total of 48. The Saanich locations in which respondents reported being least comfortable were community recreation centres, public transportation, parks, and facilities aimed at seniors.

Question 10: Which best describes where you are currently living?

rent a house, apartment, or condo 22 (42.31%)
own a house, apartment, or condo 16 (30.77%)
live with their parents or other family 9 (17.31%)
live in shared housing 2 (3.85%)
live in their car 1 (1.92%)
live in student residence 1 (1.92%)
Other:  live in a trailer on someone’s private property 1 (1.92%)


Most respondents (38 or73.08%) reported renting or owning a house, apartment, or condo.

Question 11: Have you ever lost a housing opportunity in Saanich due to your gender or sexual orientation or being perceived as LGBTQ+ or the loved one of an LGBTQ+ person?

  • 34 respondents (65.38%) said they had never lost a housing opportunity in Saanich due to their gender or sexual orientation or being perceived as LGBTQ+ or the loved one of an LGBTQ+ person.
  • 14 respondents (65.38%) said they were not sure if they ever lost a housing opportunity in Saanich due to their gender or sexual orientation or being perceived as LGBTQ+ or the loved one of an LGBTQ+ person.
  • 4 respondents (7.69%) said they had lost a housing opportunity in Saanich due to their gender or sexual orientation or being perceived as LGBTQ+ or the loved one of an LGBTQ+ person.

Question 12: Have you experienced any form of police harassment or had negative encounters with Saanich police?

  • 43 respondents (82.69%) said they have not experienced any form of police harassment or had negative encounters with Saanich police.
  • 7 respondents (13.46%) said they have experienced a form of police harassment or had negative encounters with Saanich police.
  • 2 respondents (3.85%) said they were not sure if they have experienced any form of police harassment or had negative encounters with Saanich police.

Question 13: Thinking about the amount of stress in your life, would you say that most days are …?

  • 24 respondents (46.15%) said most days are a bit
  • 15 respondents (28.85%) said most days are quite a bit
  • 8 respondents (15.38%) said most days are not very
  • 5 respondents (9.62%) said most days are extremely
  • 0 respondents said most days are not at all

The majority of respondents (39 = 75%) said most days are a bit or quite a bit stressful.

Question 14: In general, would you say that your overall health is ….?

  • 16 respondents (30.77%) said their overall health is very good.
  • 15 respondents (28.85%) said their overall health is good.
  • 12 respondents (23.08%) said their overall health is fair.
  • 5 respondents (9.62%) said their overall health is excellent.
  • 4 respondents (7.69%) said their overall health is

The majority of respondents (36 = 69.23%) said their overall health is good, very good, or excellent.

Question 15: Which of the following statements best describes your situation in the past 12 months?

  • 30 respondents (57.69%) reported having always had enough food they wanted to eat.
  • 17 respondents (32.69%) reported having had enough to eat, but not always the kind of food they wanted.
  • 3 respondents (5.77%) reported having had enough to eat but only through food banks, community meals, or other services to supplement their food.
  • 2 respondents (3.85%) reported that they sometimes did not have enough to eat.
  • 0 respondents reported that the often did not have enough to eat.

The majority of respondents (47 = 90.38%) reported having had enough food to eat in the past 12 months.

Question 16: How supported and connected to other people do you feel in your day to day life?

  • 9 respondents (17.31%) said they were extremely well supported and connected (not at all isolated)
  • 16 respondents (30.77%) said they were mostly supported and connected (not very isolated)
  • 15 respondents (28.85%) said they were sometimes supported/connected, sometimes not (a bit isolated)
  • 8 respondents (15.38%) said they could use more support and connections (somewhat isolated )
  • 4 respondents said they had very little or no support (extremely isolated)

Question 17: What is your overall level of participation in the community? This could include participating in community events, sports, volunteering, or any other involvement that makes you feel like you are part of community. Choose one.

  • 4 respondents (7.69%) said they are extremely involved in the community.
  • 5 respondents (9.62%) said they are quite involved in the community.
  • 23 respondents (44.23%) said they are a bit involved in the community.
  • 12 respondents (23.08%) said they are not very involved in the community.
  • 8 respondents (7.69%) said they are not at all involved in the community.

Question 18: Do you need any of the following services but cannot access them? Please check all that apply.

LGBTQ+ programs 24 (46.15%)
Mental health counseling 18 (34.62%)
GP (family doctor) or general health care services 12 (23.08%)
Help looking after your home (help with cleaning, gardening, fixing things, etc.) 9 (17.31%)
I don’t need any of these services 9 (17.31%)
Services relating to gender transition (e.g., counselling, hormones, surgery, speech services, assistance with clothing or hair) 8 (15.38%)
Housing 7 (13/46%)
Senior programs 5 (9.62%)
Anti-violence services (including support for survivors of abuse/violence) 4 (7.69%)
Legal support 4 (7.69%)
Youth programs 3 (5.77%)
Sexual health care services 2 (3.85%)
Addiction (e.g., alcohol, drugs, gambling) 2 (3.85%)
Support for immigrants and newcomers 2 (3.85%)
Culturally specific programs and support 2 (3.85%)
Caregiving assistance (e.g., childcare, parenting groups, respite care 1 (1.92%)
Other – ESL 1 (1.92%)
Other – Appreciate and access these services 1 (1.92%)
Other – Affordable housing/affordable living 1 (1.92%)
Other – Referrals to specialty doctors 1 (1.92%)


18 respondents (34.62%) expressed need for more than one service that they had difficulty accessing. Access to LGBTQ+ programs was the most frequently reported need (
24 or 46.15%).

Open-Ended Questions

The survey included open-ended questions asking respondents to identify their biggest LGBTQ+ concerns in Saanich and the kinds of actions Saanich should take to support the health and well-being of its LGBTQ+ people. Of the 52 respondents, 75 percent offered comments. In addition, a total of 24 comments were received in the drop box at UVIC Pride.

A thematic analysis of the survey responses suggests that respondents identified the following issues as their biggest LGBTQ+ concerns in Saanich:

  1. Silent discrimination rather than active acceptance and inclusion
  2. Social isolation
  3. Physical safety in washrooms and other public spaces
  4. Lack of services, programming and facilities that are visibly and proactively inclusive of transgender and gender non-conforming experiences.
  5. Lack of understanding of LGBTQ+ experiences in Saanich community at large

Survey respondents made the following concrete suggestions for Saanich:

  1. Public education for the community (11 mentions)
  2. LGBTQ sensitive health care (8 mentions)
  3. Gender neutral washrooms (7 mentions)
  4. Explicitly Inclusive Saanich programming (advertising, program descriptions, promotion of existing programming) (7 mentions)
  5. Public declarations of LGBTQ support (signage, statements) (7 mentions)
  6. Avoidance of tokenism (rainbow sidewalks, signage) (7 mentions)
  7. LGBTQ sensitivity training for all public employees (7 mentions)
  8. Dedicated youth programming (4 mentions)
  9. Dedicated seniors facility or programming (3 mentions)
  10. Police sensitivity training (3 mentions)
  11. LGBTQ content in libraries (2 mentions)
  12. Continued LGTBQ community consultation (2)
  13. Transgender support group (1 mention)
  14. Gender inclusive Saanich forms (1)